A professional employer organization, or PEO, is an organization that provides human resources and payroll services to businesses of all sizes. Through co-employment, a PEO becomes the manager of record for tax purposes and provides employee benefits packages under its own tax identification numbers.
Generally, PEOs offer several HR and administrative services designed to support the needs of a business. Don’t mistake a PEO for an HRO, also known as human resources outsourcing, though. HROs are independent companies that may provide a portion of a business’s HR needs, but they don’t operate under the co-employment model that PEOs use.